Report of Pilate to the Emperor. After the model of the Gnostic Acts, which were of Oriental derivation, they abound in prodigies, and like those again, they take as their starting point the traditional dispersion of the Twelve from Jerusalem. Third Esdras is one of the three uncanonical books appended to the official edition of the Vulgate. An apocalyptic element existing in the prophets, in Zacharias (i—vi), in Tobias (Tobias, xiii), can be traced back to the visions of Ezechiel which form the prototype of apocalyptic; all this had its influence upon the new literature. It rests on no ascertainable historical fact, but apparently is an extravagant and varying version of the occurrence related by Josephus, “Against Apion”, II, 5. We will merely note the existence of a spurious Letter of St. John, the Apostle, to a dropsical man, healing his disease, in the Acts of St. John by the pseudo-Prochorus; one of St. James, the Bishop of Jerusalem, to Quadratus, in Armenian (Vetter, Litterarische Rundschau, 1896). It is in Greek and written on a parchment codex at a date somewhere between the sixth and ninth century. The “Teaching of Addai”, a Syrian apocryphon (q.v. (See The Legend of Abgar.). The first and last two chapters of the Latin translation do not exist in the Oriental ones and have been added by a Christian hand. Doubtless the author intermingled valuable Ephesian traditions with his fables. The Syriac is a translation from the Greek; the original was written in Hebrew. Such is the age of fourteen in which Mary was betrothed to Joseph. There is also a Coptic-Ethiopic martyrdom legend of St. Matthew. Another Greek Father, Epiphanius (312-403) in “Hiereses”, 26, could complain that copies of Gnostic apocrypha were current in thousands. The subject will be treated as follows: (I) Apocrypha of Jewish origin; (II) Apocrypha of Jewish origin with Christian accretions; (III) Apocrypha of Christian origin, comprising (1) Apocryphal Gospels, (2) Pilate literature and other apocrypha concerning Christ, (3) Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, (4) Apocryphal doctrinal works, (5) Apocryphal Epistles, (6) Apocryphal Apocalypses; (IV) The Apocrypha and the Church. The Hasmonean dynasty and the Sadducees are denounced. This is also styled by non-Catholics the First Book of Esdras, since they give to the first canonical Esdrine writing the Hebrew form Ezra. This is a collection of eighteen psalms composed in Hebrew, and, as is commonly agreed, by a Pharisee of Palestine, about the time of Pompey’s capture of Jerusalem, 63 B.C. The original text, iii-xiv, is of one piece and the work of a single author. A quotation of Clement of Alexandria from the recovered parts enables us to identify the MS. with certainty as a portion of the apocalypse of antiquity. ), II. In chapters xxxv, xxxviii, xlviii, of Justin’s Apologia, that Father appeals confidently as a proof of the miracles and Passion of Jesus to “Acts” or records of Pontius Pilate existing in the imperial archives. ), The Acts and Martyrdom of St. Matthew are in literary dependence on the Acts of St. Andrew (q.v., supra), and hence the reading “Matthew” may be an error for “Matthias”, since evidently the companion of Peter and Andrew is intended. The only original part of the work is chapters iii-v, 6. The whole is a legendary tissue. During his reign sin will gradually cease. Such known works as the Shepherd of Hermas, the Epistle of Barnabas, the Didache, or Teaching, of the Twelve Apostles, and the Apostolic Canons and Constitutions, though formally apocryphal, really belong to patristic literature, and are considered independently. The Jewish apocalypses furnish the completing links in the progress of Jewish theology and fill what would otherwise be a gap, though a small one, between the advanced stage marked by the deuterocanonical books and its full maturity in the time of Our Lord; a maturity so relatively perfect that Jesus could suppose as existing in the popular consciousness, without teaching de novo, the doctrines of future retribution, the resurrection of the body, and the existence, nature, and office of angels. It is hard to fix either the date or the religious circle in which the work arose. While the apocryphon has many points of contact with the genuine Gospels, it diverges curiously from them in details, and bears evidence of having treated them with much freedom. From it also he derived his four cardinal virtues: prudence, righteousness (or justice), fortitude, temperance; phronesis, dikaiosune, andreia, sophrosine, and it was through Fourth Machabees that this category was appropriated by early Christian ascetical writers. There is a reply from Ignatius. Our apocryphon exists only in Latin and translations from the Latin, though it gives signs of a Greek original. Peter receives Paul at Rome with joy. The Thaddeus legend has many ramifications and has undergone a number of variations. Not to mention the Shepherd of Hermas, the Acts of St. Paul (at least in the Thecla portion) and the Apocalypse of St. Peter were highly revered at this and later periods. The victory is awarded to Zorobabel (Zerubbabel), who defends Truth as the strongest force, and the audience shouts: “Great is Truth and powerful above all things!” (Magna est veritas et prtsvalebit.) The book purports to be a series of predictions delivered in written form to the safekeeping of Josue (Joshua) by Moses when the latter, in view of his approaching death, appointed Josue as his successor. Exceptional among the apocryphists, the author kept a curb upon his fertile imagination, and his production is distinguished by its simplicity, clearness, and vigor. Jewish apocalyptic is an attempt to supply the place of prophecy, which had been dead for centuries, and it has its roots in the sacred oracles of Israel. Critics assign the latter to the end of the fourth or the beginning of the fifth century. But we possess three individual Acts under different names, which prove to be orthodox recensions of an original comprehensive Gnostic whole. The original and proper sense of the term apocryphal as applied to the pretended sacred books was early obscured. (See Canon of Sacred Scripture. Iniquity will be banished from the earth and the reign of the Messias will be everlasting. Testamentum Domini Nostri Jesu. Of these 1-7 are a farrago of various legends, each, it would seem, with an independent history; 8-14 is a unit, which forms a parasitic growth on the ancient but somewhat confused traditions of the missionary activity of an Apostle Philip in Hierapolis of Phrygia. The writer places on Our Lord’s lips descriptions of liturgical observances prevalent in his own and earlier periods. One of the few extracanonical passages which may contain an authentic tradition is that which describes Christ as placed in mockery upon a throne by His tormentors. They are based on the early traditions of Seneca’s leanings towards Christianity and the contemporary residence at Rome of Paul and the philosopher. The only witness to this work is the treatise “De Rebaptismo” in the pseudo-Cyprian writings. “The Book of the Secrets of Henoch” contains passages which satisfy allusions of Origen to which there is nothing corresponding in the Ethiopic Henoch. The fact that two canonical books are associated with his name, together with a genuine literary power, a profoundly religious spirit pervading Fourth Esdras, and some Messianic points of contact with the Gospels combined to win for it an acceptance among Christians unequalled by any other apocryphon. (See Saint Peter, Apostle; Saint Paul, Apostle; Simon Magus), . Tertullian (Apologia, xxi) after giving a sketch of the miracles and Passion of Christ, subjoins: “All these things Pilate … announced to Tiberius Caesar.” A comparison between this pericope and the Pseudo-Pilate report reveals a literary dependence between them, though the critics differ as to the priority of these documents. The relation between the Gospel according to the Hebrews and our canonical Matthew Gospel is a matter of controversy. The Abdias Passio places St. Matthew’s martyrdom in Abyssinia. Deuteronomy and the Apocrypha | Catholic Answers The book of Deuteronomy is one of the five first books of the Old Testament and part of what is sometimes called the ‘Hebrew canon” of Scripture. For example, we see it advocating magic where the smoke of a fish heart on a fire drives away devils. The Apocrypha & Luther via Catholic Answers Here is my recent brief discussion on Luther and the apocrypha from the Catholic Answers forum: I know why Martin Luther removed the book of Macabees because of its support for praying for the dead, but Im trying to find something that explains the reasons he took out the other 6 books in the OT. The heretical character imputed to these by certain Fathers is fully confirmed by extant fragments, which show a gross Docetism, and an unbridled phantasy. xv, 15). Yet, withal, no apocryphal work found official recognition in the Western Church. It purports to be a relation of the heroic death of St. Andrew by eyewitnesses who are “presbyters and deacons of the Church of Achaia“. A beautiful penitential prayer put in the mouth of Manasses, King of Juda, who carried idolatrous abominations so far. Arabic Gospel of the Infancy. The date (A.D. 55) of composition is involved in obscurity. Recently I was looking at an original 1611 King James and original Geneva Bible and discovered they also contained these apocryphal books (although in a seperate section) I found out it had to do with the Greek Septuagint version of the OT. As an apology for the deuterocanonical books Messianic kingdom without a personal Messias lips of. Are shattered when the Divine Child enters the land those permitted by our modern and culture! Of controversy Greek, Armenian, Latin, and seem to have come from a book! 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