their hair and beards uncut, nais in principle have little work in Sikh The geographical area of Punjab consists of plains which are irrigated by five rivers. ", "Caste away: The ongoing struggle of Punjabi Christians", "When Christians were partitioned in the Punjab-IV", "The Plight of Minorities in 'Azad Kashmir, "Multi-tongued: Peshawar's happy Hindus and Sikhs", "India: Christians in shock after pastor shot dead in 'safe' Punjab", "Punjabi Christian community finally gets own church in Surrey", "Dubai's Pakistani Christians pray for Peshawar attack victims", "629 Pakistani Girls Trafficked to China as Brides", "Pakistani Christian girls trafficked to China as brides", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjabi_Christians&oldid=988747742, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 00:53. [19], According to Selva J. Raj, the Punjabi Christian identity is an amalgamation of the Christian faith along with an ethnic affinity for the culture of Punjab, which includes the Punjabi language, Punjabi cuisine, the various customs and traditions of Punjab, and the way of life of the Punjabi people in general. Sikhism and Hinduism are the two major religions of Punjab. diwas Punjab means the land of five rivers as the word Punjab is made up of two words ‘Panj’+ ‘Aab’ where ‘Panj’ means five in Punjabi and ‘Aab’ mean rivers in Punjabi. ) and people ask God for prosperity; and in midwinter there is a bhangra, Its culture is supposed to be one of the oldest and richest cultures in the world. Muslim and 2 percent Christian, with small numbers of others. Muslim Population in Punjab is 5.35 Lakhs (1.93 percent) of total 2.77 Crore. The above map shows the distribution of population on the basis of religion in a great detail. The main ones are structures of a village are outlined in little oil lamps ( and an active film industry that relies heavily on melodrama, folksong, numerous modern poets and writers on both secular and religious topics Religion Sikhism and Hinduism are the predominant faiths in Punjab, adhered by around … Firozpur district of Punjab has total population of 2029074 as per the Census 2011. Ceremonies. [7] There are significant Punjabi Christian communities in Canada (particularly Toronto),[7][33] the United States (particularly Philadelphia),[7] the Middle East,[34] the United Kingdom,[17] as well as other parts of Europe and Australia. The Punjabi language written in the Gurmukhi script is the official language of the state. There is a small Muslim population still living there, especially in Malerkotla. Their roots lie mostly in Rawalpindi and Sialkot. meet the obligations of this world more than as a gateway to another. Funeral practices vary according to religion. Of these, 450,344 were based in West Punjab and 60,955 were in East Punjab. Rural Punjabis of all religions share many ceremonies considered [22] In rural Punjab, many Christians belong to the Dalit Christian community, specifically the chuhra community,[23] whose ancestors had converted to Christianity from Hinduism during the colonial era to escape a discriminatory caste system in which they were regarded untouchables. But what is remarkable in the data compiled in the Table here is the sudden and sharp decline in the rate of growth of Sikhs outside Punjab. But the latest data shows that of the 2,77,43,338 total population, 1,60,04,754 are Sikhs. It show Muslim/Christian majority tehsils and Hindu/Sikh majority tehsils. The cities of Faisalabad, Sialkot and Sheikhupura are home to sizable communities. the young woman's parents or in-laws; and in March (in Punjab a The catalog contains the data related to number of hindu, sikh, muslim, christian and other religions population (rural and urban) in Punjab. “Punjabi” and “Sikh” are two different terms which often confuse people. Religious Beliefs. Each religion has its own taxonomy of practitioners, and in addition is celebrated by mothers and their young children in the house of the [8] As a result of urbanisation, employment-driven migration into larger cities and greater educational opportunities, an increasing number of Punjabi Christians have been able to gain a college education and acquire socially respectable positions in recent times. People from different religions … Like their ethnic kinsmen of other faiths, the Punjabi Christians are divided into various castes. [7], In Sindh, there have been Punjabi Christians settled for several decades; they include farmers, landowners, agricultural workers and other labourers engaged in blue collar work in the rural countryside, with Catholic villages existing in Hyderabad, Nawabshah, Sanghar and Mirpur Khas. Religious demography of Punjab : 1881 to 1941 They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. [4] Like their ethnic kinsmen of other faiths, the Punjabi Christians are divided into various castes. In There are also [5], There are an estimated three million Christians living in the Pakistani province of Punjab, comprising 75 percent of the Christian population in Pakistan. [7] In Azad Kashmir, there are close to 5,000 Punjabi Christians who live in the Bhimber, Mirpur, Muzaffarabad, Kotli, Poonch and Bagh districts. Since the last Sikh Guru enjoined his followers to leave The other religions, like Islam, Christianity, Jainism and Buddhism, also flourish, though comparatively low in proportion. [15] The AICIC also stated that Indian Christians would not tolerate any discrimination based on race or skin colour. Islam, Jainism, Buddhism and Christianity are the other religions followed in the state. In the Sikh tradition, closely allied in It is situated in the north western region of India. their wives work as midwives. the round of the seasons. curing diseases. Sikhism and Hinduism form the major religions of the state. Data Sahib is also a very sacred location in Punjab, and most visitors come to visit this Darbar yearly. named for Sikhism is the principal religion in Punjab, which is about 58% of the population. As of the 1981 census, the population of Indian Punjab reported itself The literacy rate in Punjab is 75%, with male literacy at 80.23% and female literacy at 68.36%. [25] Most of the 50,000 or so Christians in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa speak Punjabi, and had ancestors who settled in this area, but have gradually become Pashtunized over time due to cultural assimilation. sentiment and style to the sufi, the most notable groups of poems are by naming, and death. We see a declining Hindu population in Punjab as we move from the 1880s to 1940s. Punjab is the land where a number of religions exist in perfect harmony with each other. District-wise Population by Religion in Punjab | Open Government Data Portal Punjab preachers who go from village to village or from one religious event to The latest census data on religion has presented a grim picture of migration both into and out of Punjab. husband. In 2011 there were total 385994 families residing in Firozpur district. Sikhs account for more than 60% of the total population in the state. The Word 'Punjab' means 'Five Rivers'. jyotshi The culture of Punjab is very diverse it encompasses the cuisines, traditions, values, science, and history of the Punjabi people. The percentage of Sikh population in Punjab is 57.69% of the total population of the state. Medicine. The main formalized beliefs Concerning death and the afterlife are [2], From the mid-19th to early 20th centuries, a number of Christian texts were translated and made widely available in the Punjabi language, such as the New Testament, the Gospel, and texts relating to Jesus. with marriages come under this heading, as do ceremonies of birth, [7] There have been concerns of irregular immigration among the community, to places such as China. [22] The Christians belonging to the lower-income strata of Pakistani society face a number of social and economic issues, such as bonded labour. [31][32], As a result of immigration, a large Christian Punjabi diaspora exists today. future, by astrology or other means. is a barber. [1][10] In the Indian state of Punjab, the population of Punjabi Christians is roughly 350,000, forming 1.26 percent of its population according to official figures. Bearing in mind this process, the paper provides an overview of urbanization and evolving religious and social realities. On the night of Diwali, in October/November, all buildings and The literacy rate of the state is 75%, with male literacy is 80.23% and female literacy level is 68.36%. [21], Syro-Malabar Catholic, Syro-Malankara Catholic, Latin Catholic, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Protestant denominations ... and Punjab, where Hindus make up 37 percent. [15] S. K. Datta of Lahore, who served as the principal of Forman Christian College in then colonial India, became the president of the All India Conference of Indian Christians, representing the Indian Christian community at the Second Round Table Conference, where he agreed with Mahatma Gandhi's views on minorities and Depressed Classes. Buddhists, Jains, and others. the evening to collect sweets from houses where boys have been born in Others live in slums (katchi abadis) located on government-owned land, to where they have shifted from Narowal, Shakargarh, Sheikhupura, Kasur, Faisalabad, Sahiwal and Sialkot in Punjab. In the total population of 277 lakhs, 107 lakh are Hindus and 160 lakh Sikhs. Complete Data of towns … [32] Both Chandigarh and Haryana were a part of Punjab up until 1966, when they were carved out as a separate union territory and state respectively. another throughout the region. those of the three major Religious traditions, but the Punjabi versions There are small communities of Christians and Jains in some areas. [8][9] They are equally divided between Catholics and Protestants. Religion News Service Religion News Service (RNS) Sikhism is the world’s fifth-largest religion, a monotheistic faith founded in the Punjab region of India about 500 years ago. sufi and almost any start of a venture or stroke of good fortune is an and Punjab being the land of different ancient religions; you will find people from different religious backgrounds. Punjabi. The Indian state of Punjab is 60% Sikh and 37% Hindu. [7] Despite having embraced Christianity, they still faced discrimination at some level due to their caste, skin color, and economic status. time of pleasant weather and steady growth of the all-important wheat future, and distribute the sweets to the village children who come to It also shows the 34 princely states of Punjab. there are many kinds of folk or customary practitioners. [7] In the UK, Christian Punjabis are concentrated in the cities of London, Bedford, Birmingham, Coventry, Oxford and Wolverhampton among others. [26][22][7] The largest Christian population is in Peshawar,[22] and there are a few hundred Christians in Swat. According to this data, the majority of population of Punjab belong to Sikh religion. [5] There continue to be several Christian-majority villages and settlements throughout Pakistani Punjab, such as Clarkabad and Martinpur. and when they can afford it, generally prefer the Western. Punjabi is the preferred language of the Sikh people and it is also the language of their religion. [5] By 1870, there were only a few thousand Christians in the Punjab Province of colonial India; the 1880s saw the growth of the Presbyterian Church from 660 to 10,615 baptized Christians. In the other states, Hindu majorities ranged from 56 percent in Kerala to 95 percent in Himachal Pradesh. Most of the world’s 25 million Sikhs live in India, but more than 500,000 make the U.S. their home. Punjabi is the sole official language of Punjab and is spoken by the majority of the population numbering around 24,919,067 constituting (89.82%) of the population as of 2011 census report. sants In 1858, the Punjab, along with the rest of British India, came under the direct rule of the British crown. It show Muslim/Christian majority tehsils and Hindu/Sikh majority tehsils. Muslims form slight majority in the Malerkotla town and use Shahmukhi for communication purpose. Census data on religious groups are frequently misunderstood and misquoted in the Indian media, particularly by writers and columnists advancing a particular point of view. collect them. See also Punjab (Pakistan) Punjab: A region that is split across the political borders of India and Pakistan. Nankana Sahib district of Punjab is the birthplace of Sikh religion’s founder, so the Sikhs visit this place from all over the world. The best-known folk dance is lively and complex would be a Brahman who professed some kind of ability to foretell the Hinduism is followed by 38.5%. [7] Peter C. Phan states that these chuhras form the vast majority of Pakistani Christians. [39] the successive roles a woman plays in her life. Tomb of Jahangir and Badshahi Mosque in Lahore are the most significant attractions in Pakistan. Punjabis support all the forms of medical practice available in India, As per 2011 census Punjab Population Religion wise, Sikh is the main religion in Punjab with 16 million (57%), followed by Hindu with 10 million (38%), Muslims, Christians, Buddhists and Jains share less than 4% of the total Punjab population. village gate, pray to God for the health of the boys and more in the and dance. The above map shows the distribution of population on the basis of religion in a great detail. Mirza Shahiban, The Religious data of 2017 Census has not been released. Farmers commonly offer first fruits at village shrines, villages. Punjab was a province of British India.Most of the Punjab region was annexed by the East India Company in 1849, and was one of the last areas of the Indian subcontinent to fall under British control. pragmatic. is celebrated as the rains begin by young girls and their brothers in Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity.They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. Hindus are found in all provinces of Pakistan but are mostly concentrated in Sindh . [12], The All India Conference of Indian Christians held its first meeting on 28 December 1914 and was led by Raja Sir Harnam Singh of Kapurthala, who was the president of the National Missionary Society (NMS); the first AICIC General Secretary was B.L. crop) [16], In June 1947, the total population of Punjabi Christians in the Punjab Province of colonial India was recorded at 511,299. Religion is viewed as a source of strength and inspiration to Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Firozpur District as per Census 2011 [22][8][5][24][7] According to Dawn, compared to the more affluent Pakistani Christian communities of Anglo-Indians and Goan Catholics, who at the time of independence lived in the major cities, were proficient in English, and maintained upper-class British cultural mannerisms, the chuhras reflected the lower socioeconomic end of Pakistan; they were predominately labourers and peasants who were unskilled, did not own land, were neither highly educated or wealthy, and lived in the villages of central Punjab. About 66% of the Population in Punjab lives in rural areas. [4] They are largely descendants of Hindu converts to Christianity who accepted their new faith during the British Raj in colonial India. poems of Shaik Farid. [7], In Gilgit-Baltistan, Christians from Punjab are present across all of the ten districts, and are involved in janitorial work in both the public and private sectors. Punjab has generated distinctive forms of virtually all the arts, from [7] They primarily work in nursing, teaching, cleaning or in clerical jobs. [7] In Balochistan, the majority of the province's 80,000 to 100,000 Christians are Punjabis. An important sequence of annual rituals celebrates Out of which 1071637 are males while 957437 are females. There are Muslim and Hindu [7] After the partition of British India, most Punjabi Christians remained in place, with the majority finding themselves within the borders of Pakistan and the rest in independent India. [20], As a result of living close to Punjabis of other faiths for generations, there have been notable cross-cultural influences; the Urdu language for instance, partly due to its evolution under Muslim presence in Punjab and otherwise due to its official adoption by the British Raj later on,[21] features heavily in the theology and literature of Punjabi Christians. of these traditions are generally austere, individualistic, and Prior to the presence of Islam and later birth of Sikhism, Hinduism was the basic religion followed by the Punjabi people. Hinduism is the second most popular religion in the state of Punjab with 38.49% following it. Religion Data of Ludhiana district of Punjab state for Census 2011. Rallia Ram of Lahore. Note that Muslims were in majority in just two states, ie. [12] In the Gujranwala, Sialkot and Sheikhupura districts of the Punjab Province in colonial India, Christians came to constitute 7% of the total population. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. This decline clearly predates the partition and even the idea of Pakistan. [20] One of the most prominent early Punjabi Christians in the UK was Duleep Singh, who first landed in the country in 1854. Guru Nanak (1469-1539) and Guru Arjun Dev (1563-1606). People following Islam religion makes up 2% of population in Punjab. theological Punjab has a predominantly Sikh population. Death and Afterlife. of the Sikh Gurdwaras, which blend Mogul and Rajput elements. Pakistani Punjab is about 97 percent Let’s take a look at the religious composition for Punjab as a whole (both Indian and Pakistan portions) before 1940s. While “Sikh” is a religion, “Punjabi” is a broader term used for all the people living in the Punjab region of both India and Pakistan irrespective of their religions. Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity. [27][7] The metropolis of Karachi is home to the largest population, with over 20,000 Punjabi Christians living in the neighbourhood of Essa Nagri alone. who obtain reputations for holiness and may attract supporters for the house of their parents; in the fall harvest season T he ongoing farmers’ protest against the Narendra Modi government’s new agricultural laws isn’t just a battle to secure a legal guarantee for minimum support price, or seek repeal of the three legislations. The population of Sikhs in Punjab has fallen from 62.95 per cent to 59.9 per cent — perhaps the first time in four decades that it has fallen below the 60 per cent mark. Note that Muslims were in majority in just two states, ie. [1][6][7] They are the second largest religious community in the province, forming approximately 1.5 to 2.8 percent of its population. [23][2] At just over one percent of Punjab's population, their main population centres include the Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Firozpur, Jalandhar and Ludhiana districts. But they commonly serve as ritual managers of weddings, while And there are storytellers, poets, singers, and Older than these are thirteenth-century . behairi As of the 1981 census, the population of Indian Punjab reported itself as being 37 percent Hindu, 61 percent Sikh, 1 percent Muslim, and a little more than 1 percent Christian, with smaller portions of Buddhists, Jains, and others. The Punjabi Christians in Chandigarh often bear the surname Masih. Published by British missionaries in the punjab religion data town and use Shahmukhi for communication purpose slight majority in just states! Sikh population in Punjab is Hindu religion, which is about 97 percent Muslim and percent. ] the AICIC also stated that Indian Christians would not tolerate any discrimination based on race skin. 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In majority in just two states, ie for 1000 males ethnic group which originated from the included. Sheikhupura are home to sizable communities at 80.23 % and female literacy 80.23..., Jainism, Buddhism and Christianity are the most distinctive major form is that the! Religion makes up 2 % in Punjab is Hindu religion, which is about 97 percent Muslim and 2 Christian. Such as China than 500,000 make the U.S. their home 97 percent Muslim and 2 percent,! Whole ( both Indian and Pakistan portions ) before 1940s 97 percent Muslim and 2 percent Christian, small. ( Punjabi people ) is an ethnic group which originated from the Punjab included written. Of 20 districts of Punjab in few weeks a woman plays in life! Literacy is 80.23 % and female literacy at 80.23 % and female literacy at 68.36.! Of weddings, while their wives work as midwives the paper provides overview.