These organisms are coloured orange to red depending on their content of astaxanthin. View abstract. Peng, C. H., Chang, C. H., Peng, R. Y., and Chyau, C. C. Improved membrane transport of astaxanthine by liposomal encapsulation. Ito N, Seki S, Ueda F. The protective role of astaxanthin for UV-induced skin deterioration in healthy people-A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Astaxanthin can neutralize oxygen free radicals 4.9 times better than beta-carotene and 1.6x better than lycopene. Fassett, R. G., Healy, H., Driver, R., Robertson, I. K., Geraghty, D. P., Sharman, J. E., and Coombes, J. S. Astaxanthin vs placebo on arterial stiffness, oxidative stress and inflammation in renal transplant patients (Xanthin): a randomised controlled trial. View abstract. Astaxanthine, Astaxantina, Dihydroxy-3,3’ dioxo-4,4’ bêta-carotène, Microalgae, Microalgue, Micro-Algue, Ovoester, 3,3'-dihydroxy-4,4'-diketo-beta-carotene, 3S,3'S-astaxanthin, 3R,3'R-astaxanthin, 3R,3'S-astaxanthin. Astaxanthin is a carotenoid, like beta-carotene from carrots and lycopene from tomatoes. It’s part of the Xanthophylls family. These organic fat-soluble nutrients and dyes can be found in nature. Res PT, et al. Immunol Lett 1999;70:185-9. Astaxanthin is a reddish pigment that belongs to a group of chemicals called carotenoids. Avoid taking astaxanthin if you're allergic or sensitive to it. Carcinogenesis 1994;15:15-9. Muscle soreness caused by exercise. "Astaxanthin is an antioxidant and it can be used topically on the skin," says King. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using. Positive effects of astaxanthin on lipid profiles and oxidative stress in overweight subjects. Astaxanthin / æstəˈzænθɪn / is a keto- carotenoid. Astaxanthin (pronounced "asta-ZAN-thin") is a naturally-occurring carotenoid found in algae, shrimp, lobster, crab and salmon. “ Mark L Anderson 1 View abstract. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2005;15:401-12. Biosci.Biotechnol.Biochem 2009;73(9):1928-1932. It is a naturally occurring coloured pigment, that supports good health, which can be found in a number of different algae and fish. J.Pharmacol.Sci. Suganuma, K., Nakajima, H., Ohtsuki, M., and Imokawa, G. Astaxanthin attenuates the UVA-induced up-regulation of matrix-metalloproteinase-1 and skin fibroblast elastase in human dermal fibroblasts. Ikeuchi, M., Koyama, T., Takahashi, J., and Yazawa, K. Effects of astaxanthin supplementation on exercise-induced fatigue in mice. Methods Mol.Biol. This algae is used as a source for the astaxanthin in supplements. View abstract. The anti-aging and disease-preventing effects of this rich, orange-colored compound are hard to match. Astaxanthin is a carotenoid, like beta-carotene from carrots and lycopene from tomatoes. Astaxanthin is a carotenoid created by micro-algae (Haematococcus pluvialis) in times of stress. Taking astaxanthin by mouth for 9 weeks appears to reduce redness and loss of skin moisture caused by rays of the sun called "UV" rays. Chitchumroonchokchai, C., Bomser, J. Bikadi, Z., Hazai, E., Zsila, F., and Lockwood, S. F. Molecular modeling of non-covalent binding of homochiral (3S,3'S)-astaxanthin to matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13). Carotenoids come in yellow, pink, orange, and red. Mercke, Odeberg J., Lignell, A., Pettersson, A., and Hoglund, P. Oral bioavailability of the antioxidant astaxanthin in humans is enhanced by incorporation of lipid based formulations. View abstract. Tanaka T, Makita H, Oshnishi M, et al. Astaxanthin is a carotenone that consists of beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione bearing two hydroxy substituents at positions 3 and 3' (the 3S,3'S diastereomer). Lockwood, S. F., Jackson, H. L., and Gross, G. J. Retrometabolic syntheses of astaxanthin (3,3'-dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione) conjugates: a novel approach to oral and parenteral cardio-protection. View abstract. 2000;7(4):216-222. Chemoprevention of rat oral carcinogenesis by naturally occurring xanthophylls, astaxanthin, and canthaxanthin. Cell Biol Toxicol. In nature, it is found, for instance, in algae, salmon, lobster, prawns and flamingo feathers. Fassett, R. G. and Coombes, J. S. Astaxanthin, oxidative stress, inflammation and cardiovascular disease. View abstract. pii: E817. 2002;21:490. 2014;8(1):61-8. View abstract. Can you get astaxanthin naturally from foods? Br J Nutr 2007;98(1):38-44. Choi HD, Youn YK, Shin WG. 2013;45(6):1158-65. Antitumor activity of astaxanthin and its mode of action. Kobayashi M, Kakizono T, Nishio N, et al. Anticancer Res 1999;19:1849-54. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.© Therapeutic Research Faculty . Asian J Androl 2005;7:257-62.. View abstract. Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online? 2012;59(1):43-47. View abstract. The most powerful, natural antioxidant in the world. 2002;75(11-12):665-675. Comp Biochem Physiol C.Toxicol Pharmacol 2004;139(1-3):99-110. View abstract. Mol Nutr Food Res 2011;55(1):150-165. Okada, Y., Ishikura, M., and Maoka, T. Bioavailability of astaxanthin in Haematococcus algal extract: the effects of timing of diet and smoking habits. Br J Nutr 2011;105(11):1563-1571. Fassett, R. Marine Drugs, March 21, 2011. 6-16-1998;Patent application number 10155459. Arzneimittelforschung. Briviba, K., Bornemann, R., and Lemmer, U. Visualization of astaxanthin localization in HT29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells by combined confocal resonance Raman and fluorescence microspectroscopy. 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