Appian wrote that it seemed that they were subjugated later and that Octavian subdued the whole Illyrian country, including both the tribes which had rebelled and those which had never before been under Roman rule. Therefore, Pannonia was very important militarily. He went to Salona with the remnants of his force. He did not get supplies for his army because the locals were hostile and because storms in the Adriatic Sea held back supply ships. Montenegrin History. A transcript of an inscription of a monument honouring Publius Cornelius Dolabella at Epidaurum (Cavtat, near Dubrovnik) attests that Dolabella was appointed governor of Illyricum shortly before Augustus’ death and that the statue was erected by the towns of Upper Illyricum, which implies the existence of an Upper and Lower Illyricum. Diocletian and Maximian were also in overall charge of the eastern and the western part of the empire respectively. [11] Caecilius Metellus was given the agnomen Dalmanticus, In 115 BC the consul Marcus Aemilius Scaurus, conducted operations in Gallia Cisalpina against the Ligures in the west and against the Carni and Taurisci (two Gallic tribes which lived in today's Slovenia) in the east. [46] Cassius Dio noted in two separate passages that a rebellion by the Pannonians in 14 BC was suppressed quickly, and that in late 13 BC Augustus gave Agrippa, his most important ally, supreme command and sent him to Pannonia (this suggests that the problem was serious). Yet at its most powerful it extended along the western side of the Balkan peninsula encompassing Albania, Kosovo, Montenegro. From 14 BC to 10 BC there was a series of rebellions in southern Pannonia and northern Dalmatia which Roman writers referred to as bellum pannomicum (the Pannonian war). In classical antiquity, Illyria /ɪˈlɪəriə/ (Ancient Greek: Ἰλλυρία, Illyría or Ἰλλυρίς, Illyrís; Latin: Illyria, see also: Illyricum) was a region in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula inhabited by numerous tribes of people collectively known as the Illyrians. Gabinius had to storm towns and strongholds in adverse weather and suffered reverses. In the more urbanised coastal area towns with large Greek-speaking populations and may inhabitants from Italy were organised as municipia (self-governing towns) or coloniae (Italian settlements) and had their own council. Shakespeare, Childrens Plays, Classics and Musicals across the UK and Europe. Tiberius was given the command in Pannonia and defeated the Pannonians with the help of the Scordisci, who had been recently conquered by the Romans. Most of them were labelled as Illyrians. The next day Vatinius refitted his ships and 85 captured ships and the day after that he set off for the island of Issa (Vis, Croatia), thinking that Octavius had retreated there. Salona (near modern Split in Croatia) functioned as its capital. Dalmatia had considerable strategic and economic importance for the Romans. Its proclaimed mission was to fight for democracy in Albania, the independence Kosova nd the transformation of the situation of all Albanians in the Balkans. Hellenism and Today = Western or Modern Civilization 'Yugo'-'Hellenism' (Politikin Zabavnik) Hellenism - Illyria Forums Participants Philosophy Debate. However, war broke out in Gaul again and he went back there. [11] It is likely that by Roman Illyria Appian meant four coastal towns which had a large Roman population. It is sometimes used, like the Greek terms Illyris and Illyria, to signify a vast area lying between the Danube on the North and Macedonia and Thrace on the South, extending from the Adriatic and the Alps to the Black Sea, and inhabited by a number of warlike and semi-civilized tribes known to the Greeks under the general title of Illyrians (Appian, Illyr. The latter were under Augustus, who appointed their governors. It is with a very ... Stephen Badham needs your support for The Illyria Theatre 2020 Survival Fund. The natives were asked to provide auxiliary troops. The battle was fought at close range in narrow sea. [14], In 113 BC the consul Gnaeus Papirius Carbo was sent to face an invasion by the Cimbri (a Germanic tribe) which had entered into Illyricum and then into Noricum. He executed the young men and sold the rest into slavery. [1][2] It was part of the Roman province of Macedonia. This distant and mysterious sounding place … In a passage Appian wrote that in 119 BC the consul Lucius Caecilius Metellus Dalmaticus waged war against the Dalmatae even though they had not done anything wrong because he wanted a triumph. Whilst the names Dalmatia and Pannonia were used in common parlance, it seems that Upper Illyricum (Dalmatia) and Lower Illyricum (Pannonia) were the official names of the two regions. A (HI)STORY OF ILLYRIA* By JENNIFER WALLACE" rieste LHLYRIA S Dubrovnik *Rome Epidamnus ' Salonica Corcyra *l/oannina O Athens $ Sparta Throughout history, little has been known about the land of Illyria. There was also a problem with piracy. There were numerous islands off the coast, but they lacked drinking water. Montenegro Forum. This campaign ended the war. Four client-republics were set up, which were in fact ruled by Rome. It was located on the right bank of the Aoös/Vjosë river, approximately 10 km from the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea. Octavian continued to build the wall, which reached a length of seven kilometres. The Romans defeated Gentius, the last king of Illyria, at Scodra (in present-day Albania) in 168 BC and captured him, bringing him to Rome in 165 BC. It was strategically placed on a location along the Adriatic coast, the interior of Illyria and Macedonia, and close to Italy across the Straits of Otranto. The conventus Salonitanus was subdivided into 5 civitates and 927 decuriae. Dalmatia was called Upper Illyricum. He returned to Rome to take up his consulship and got Titus Statilius to continue the siege. In Cassius Dio, instead, Bato the Daesitiate initially had a few men and his success increased his forces. Appian, The Foreign Wars, Book 10, The Illyirian Wars; Loeb Classical Library, Vol II, Books 8.2-12, Harvard University Press, 1912; Cassius Dio, Roman History, Vol 6, Books. The settlement also divided the provinces of the empire into senatorial and imperial provinces. They also conducted other operations further west on the Alps against the Rhaeti and Vindelici. From the time of Augustus the name Illyria was applied not only to the present Province of Illyria, since 11 B.C. This was on a rock and was surrounded by steep ravines. Lower Illyricum was a military district and a military commander was in charge of this area and its three legions and performed administrative functions as something like a deputy governor.[66]. Bosnia and Herzegovina Forum. The Romans imposed a tribute which was half the amount they had been paying in taxes to their king (who was deposed) on the cities which had fought them and five neighbouring tribes which also had fought them. In 15 BC the Romans conquered the Scordisci and annexed Noricum. Therefore, there was instability on the eastern Alps and in the Balkan Peninsula. The Illyrians, feared punishment again (this time for routing Aulus Gabinius) because Caesar was going to cross the south of their land to reach Parthia. After this many Pannonians rose in revolt. Modern Albanians are considered to be descendants of illyrians. [58] Velleius Paterculus, wrote that the harsh winter brought rewards because in the following summer all of Pannonia sought peace. In this way he managed to force Octavius to abandon his attack on Epidaurus (Epidaurum in Latin, modern Cavtat, near Dubrovnik, Croatia) with his approach. Caesar took on his proconsulships in 58 BC. The conventus Scardonitanus was subdivided into 14 civitates. It was also a military district under the prefect of Pannonia, who was in charge of the legions stationed there.[41]. Marcus Plautius Silvanus conducted a campaign against them, conquered the Breuci and won over other tribes without a battle. The ram of the name `` Illyrians '' is a very valuable source of military manpower for the had. 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